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BRIEF RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 50-54

A study of psychiatric morbidities in recovering intensive care unit patients


Department of Psychiatry and Deaddiction Centre of Excellence, Seth G S Medical College and KEMH, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shilpa Amit Adarkar
Plot No. 61/62, New Akash Nagar, Manewada, Nagpur - 440 035, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aip.aip_33_18

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Background: Patients recovering from Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission may develop cognitive and psychological symptoms. With the improvement in medical facilities, survival rate of these patients has increased. With increase in survival rate, cognizance of cognitive and psychological symptoms has increased. There is compelling evidence that psychiatric illnesses such as depression impair functional status in patients with chronic medical illnesses. Identification and treatment of these symptoms in an early stage will lead to enhanced recovery and hence improvement in quality of life. Aims: This study commits to sociodemographic profile and assessment of cognitive and psychological symptoms in recovering ICU patients. Materials and Methods: After Institutional Review Board permission, 50 patients recovering from ICU were enrolled to study cognitive symptoms using Mini-Mental Status Examination. Psychological symptoms were assessed using Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale. Sociodemographic profile of these patients was also studied. Results: Of 50 patients, 22% suffered from mild to severe cognitive impairment. 22% had borderline symptoms to symptoms amounting to cases of anxiety. 36% patients had borderline symptoms to symptoms amounting to cases of depression. Conclusions: In our study, we found that ICU stay can lead to cognitive impairment in patients. ICU stay can also lead to psychological symptoms such as anxiety and depression.


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