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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 58-59

Kleine-levin syndrome: A rare case and review

Department of Psychiatry, AMC MET Medical College and Sheth L. G. General Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bhaveshkumar M Lakdawala
Department of Psychiatry, AMC MET Medical College and Sheth L. G. General Hospital, Maninagar, Ahmedabad - 380 008, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aip.aip_48_18

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Kleine–Levin syndrome (KLS), also known as sleeping beauty syndrome, is a rare disorder with unknown etiology. The syndrome is characterized by hypersomnolence and may be associated with hypersexuality, hyperphagia and cognitive or mood changes. Fever, head trauma and stress may be the precipitating factors. The case here is a 15-year-old male patient who presented with excessive sleepiness, hypersexual behavior, excessive food intake and mood changes. These symptoms started after becoming afebrile from high-grade fever. Multiple investigations done were within normal limits. He did not respond to valproate, olanzapine and lorazepam. Spontaneous remission and reemergence of symptoms after 2 weeks were noted. By clinical history, normal investigations and exclusion of other mental and medical disorders, he was diagnosed to have KLS. Reviewing literature, lithium therapy was found to be beneficial in KLS. Hence, lithium was given in this patient to which he responded well.

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