• Users Online: 216
  • Print this page
  • Email this page


 
 Table of Contents  
SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 94-95

Improving the mental health and wellbeing of the health-care workers and the community through collective actions: Corona virus disease 2019 pandemic


1 Member of the Medical Education Unit and Institute Research Council, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Submission29-Mar-2020
Date of Decision05-Apr-2020
Date of Acceptance19-Apr-2020
Date of Web Publication30-May-2020

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava
Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) – Deemed to be University, Tiruporur - Guduvancherry Main Road, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu - 603108
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aip.aip_24_20

Rights and Permissions
  Abstract 


The Corona Virus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a public health emergency of international concern and has affected the health status of thousands of the people across the world. As the disease is transmitted between humans by close contact, steps have been taken by the nations to close educational institutions and workplaces to minimize the risk of disease transmission. At the same time, some of the nations have even imposed lockdown within their settings. However, such actions have disturbed the routine schedule of many people and at times compelled both elderly and young people into loneliness. Even the health professionals, who are fighting against the infection for improving the health of other individuals, have to deal with lots of mental stress and workload pressure leading to physical and mental exhaustion. In conclusion, in the global fight against the COVID-19 pandemic, it is essential to acknowledge our fears and apprehensions about the disease and not undermine it. However, the need of the hour is to understand these aspects and respond to them with the concerted assistance of individual, communities, health sector, and policy makers.

Keywords: Corona Virus Disease-2019 pandemic, mental health, physical health, World Health Organization


How to cite this article:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Improving the mental health and wellbeing of the health-care workers and the community through collective actions: Corona virus disease 2019 pandemic. Ann Indian Psychiatry 2020;4:94-5

How to cite this URL:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Improving the mental health and wellbeing of the health-care workers and the community through collective actions: Corona virus disease 2019 pandemic. Ann Indian Psychiatry [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Jul 14];4:94-5. Available from: http://www.anip.co.in/text.asp?2020/4/1/94/285496




  Introduction Top


The Corona Virus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a public health emergency of international concern and has affected the health status of thousands of the people across the world. The global caseload tally stands at 1051635 cases, of which 79332 cases (7.5%) were reported in a single day.[1] In terms of mortality, 56985 deaths have been reported, with the European region being the worst affected accounting for 42334 deaths (74.2%).[1] The current global case fatality rate is 5.4%, while it has been estimated as 7.2% in the European region. Overall, the United States of America, Italy, and Spain currently accounts for the maximum share of the global caseload.[1] All these figures pertaining to the disease are shocking and justifies the need to mount a concerted and coordinated multi-sectoral response.


  Implemented Interventions and Their Consequences Top


All the nations have started their prevention and control efforts in an accelerate manner to ensure interruption in the transmission of the disease, but they are doing this in exchange of huge socioeconomic cost.[2] As the disease is transmitted between humans by close contact, steps have been taken by the nations to close educational institutions and workplaces to minimize the risk of disease transmission. At the same time, some of the nations have even imposed lockdown within their settings as there was a definite risk of health systems being overwhelmed and thus the political leaders wanted some additional time to improve their outbreak readiness and response strategy.[3],[4]

However, such actions have disturbed the routine schedule of many people and at times compelled both elderly and young people into loneliness.[3],[5] Further, it is quite obvious that the general population, affected individuals and their family members have developed a sense of fear, anxiety, and stress.[3],[4],[5] In the European region, it has been reported that at least 10% of the reported infections are among health-care personnel, with Italy alone reporting >6200 health professionals being diagnosed with the infection.[2] Even these health professionals, who are fighting against the infection for improving the health of other individuals, have to deal with lots of mental stress, and workload pressure leading to physical and mental exhaustion.[2],[6],[7] The good sign is that some of the nations have succeeded in reducing the progression of the disease from local transmission to community transmission and thus flattened the disease curve to a significant extent.


  Improvement in Physical and Mental Health Top


Keeping all these facts in mind, it is our responsibility to be optimistic about the infection and thus try our level best to stay healthy both on the physical and mental dimension of the health.[2],[3],[4],[8] The better approach will be to employ counselor and mental health experts who improve the outlook of the health professionals, patients, quarantined individuals, and family members toward the disease, but then amidst these difficult times, wherein human resources are already in shortage, it cannot be considered a feasible and long-term option with wide accessibility.[2],[6],[7],[8] In contrast, the practical approach will be the one in which all of us together understand the magnitude of the problem and work together to support each one of us by extending social, emotional and humanitarian support to all the affected individuals.[7],[8] The COVID-19 outbreak should be considered as an opportunity, which has allowed us to come together and stay connected with our near and dear ones through calls, chat, and video calls. Other practical interventions could be providing reliable and complete information through trustworthy resources to all the sections of the community, offering psychological assistance to the front-line workers and families who have lost one of their members to the infection, and safeguarding the human rights of all the vulnerable population groups.[7],[8] It is always encouraging to adopt mind relaxation techniques (viz., listening music, yoga, meditation, breathing exercises, and spending time with family) and reduce the stress attributed to COVID-19.[2]


  Conclusion Top


In the global fight against the COVID-19 pandemic, it is essential to acknowledge our fears and apprehensions about the disease and not undermine it. However, the need of the hour is to understand these aspects and respond to them with the concerted assistance of individual, communities, health sector, and policy makers.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
World Health Organization. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report – 75; 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200404-sitrep-75-covid-19.pdf?sfvrsn=99251b2b_2 [Last accessed on 2020 Apr 05].  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
World Health Organization – Regional Office for Europe. Statement – Physical and Mental Health Key to Resilience during COVID-19 Pandemic; 2020. Available from: http://www.euro.who.int/en/media-centre/sections/statements/2020/statement-physical-and-mental-health-key-to-resilience-during-covid-19-pandemic [Last accessed on 2020 Mar 29].  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Yao H, Chen JH, Xu YF. Rethinking online mental health services in China during the COVID-19 epidemic. Asian J Psychiatr 2020;50:102015.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Jung SJ, Jun JY. Mental health and psychological intervention amid COVID-19 outbreak: Perspectives from South Korea. Yonsei Med J 2020;61:271-2.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Zandifar A, Badrfam R. Iranian mental health during the COVID-19 epidemic. Asian J Psychiatr 2020;51:101990.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Ho CS, Chee CY, Ho RC. Mental health strategies to combat the psychological impact of COVID-19 beyond paranoia and panic. Ann Acad Med Singapore 2020;49:1-3.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Yang Y, Li W, Zhang Q, Zhang L, Cheung T, Xiang YT. Mental health services for older adults in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. Lancet Psychiatry 2020;7:e19.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Xiang YT, Zhao YJ, Liu ZH, Li XH, Zhao N, Cheung T, et al. The COVID-19 outbreak and psychiatric hospitals in China: Managing challenges through mental health service reform. Int J Biol Sci 2020;16:1741-4.  Back to cited text no. 8
    




 

Top
 
 
  Search
 
Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
Access Statistics
Email Alert *
Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)

 
  In this article
Abstract
Introduction
Implemented Inte...
Improvement in P...
Conclusion
References

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed134    
    Printed0    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded53    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal


[TAG2]
[TAG3]
[TAG4]