|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2022 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 189-190
Incorporating health information technology/information communication technology into prevention and treatment of mental health disorders
Shweta Kapote1, Srikanth Pallerla2
1 Department of Dental Sciences, Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Psychiatric Social Work, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
|Date of Submission||02-Feb-2022|
|Date of Decision||13-Feb-2022|
|Date of Acceptance||21-Feb-2022|
|Date of Web Publication||19-Aug-2022|
Mr. Srikanth Pallerla
Department of Psychiatric Social Work, NIMHANS, Hosur Main Road, Bengaluru - 560 029, Karnataka
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Kapote S, Pallerla S. Incorporating health information technology/information communication technology into prevention and treatment of mental health disorders. Ann Indian Psychiatry 2022;6:189-90
|How to cite this URL:|
Kapote S, Pallerla S. Incorporating health information technology/information communication technology into prevention and treatment of mental health disorders. Ann Indian Psychiatry [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Sep 30];6:189-90. Available from: https://www.anip.co.in/text.asp?2022/6/2/189/354117
Mental health disorders are a broad term encompassing a variety of mental health diseases that influence your emotions, thinking, temperament, and behavior. Depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders, neuropsychiatric disorders, and substance-related disorders, including alcohol, are all examples of mental health disorders. According to the World Health Organization, mental health disorders can have an extensive impact on educational, vocational, and social aspects of the affected individuals. Despite the physical, social, and financial implications of mental illnesses, mental health is frequently overlooked.
Worldwide, there are still significant disparities in access to mental health promotion, prevention, and treatment services. It is becoming increasingly apparent that there is a lack of adequate and high-quality mental health infrastructure and workforce and limited resources to identify and treat mental disorders. Mental illness stigma, myths, and misconceptions are important roadblocks to successful mental disorder management. The lack of reliable mental health data within and between countries is pervasive and a major impediment to meeting unmet mental health needs. Mental health promotion is an essential facet of health promotion and practice because people with mental illnesses require affordable, accessible, and appropriate mental health services to continue their education (especially for children and youth) or maintain their economic viability (employment).
The use of information and communication technology (ICT) to deliver psychological services, such as assessment or monitoring, mental health promotion, prevention, and treatment, may be an effective strategy to improve individual access and use of mental healthcare services. In terms of mental health support and data collection, technology has ushered in a new era. The ICT advancements are revolutionizing the way healthcare is delivered. Web-based interventions, mobile applications, telemedicine, telepsychology, and video conferencing system are the ICT-delivered psychological services that can be used for screening, assessment, monitoring, intervention, and social support. Discussion forums, bulletin boards, chat rooms, blogs, and social media are all examples of web-based formats that provide social support for e-mental health. Many professionals were able to continue providing services throughout the COVID-19 pandemic because of the adoption of digital ICTs. There is a social stigma associated with seeking mental health treatment in both urban and rural areas; as a result, information about seeking mental healthcare should be increased. Seminars, webinars, and workshops should be held to improve awareness about mental health, and ICT can assist in this endeavor. Mental health professionals should receive training on how to use these services. ICTs can be used to give psychosocial support and interventions in a timely manner.
The potential for ICT/e-mental health to bridge the gap between the population's acknowledged need for mental healthcare and the limited ability and resources to provide traditional treatment services is immense. Improved accessibility and flexibility, usability as well as lower costs, portability, and acceptability are all advantages of ICT, which is promising for rural and distant populations where mental health is difficult to access. E-mental health applications are becoming more popular, and they have the potential to enhance access to mental healthcare.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
Fonseca A, Osma J. Using Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) for mental health prevention and treatment. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021;18:461.
Ngui EM, Khasakhala L, Ndetei D, Roberts LW. Mental disorders, health inequalities and ethics: A global perspective. Int Rev Psychiatry 2010;22:235-44.
Scharer K. An Internet discussion board for parents of mentally ill young children. J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs 2005;18:17-25.
Dores AR, Geraldo A, Carvalho IP, Barbosa F. The use of new digital information and communication technologies in psychological counseling during the COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020;17:7663.
Lal S, Adair CE. E-mental health: A rapid review of the literature. Psychiatr Serv 2014;65:24-32.